Common Learning Disabilities Among Nigerian Children

Common Learning Disabilities

For someone diagnosed with a learning disability in Nigeria, it can seem scary at first. But a learning disability doesn’t have anything to do with a person’s intelligence after all, successful people such as Walt Disney, Alexander Graham Bell, and Winston Churchill all had learning disabilities.

 

Learning disabilities are problems that affect the brain’s ability to receive, process, analyze, or store information. These problems can make it difficult for a student to learn as quickly as someone who isn’t affected by learning disabilities.

 

There are many kinds of learning disabilities. Most students affected by them have more than one kind. Certain kinds of learning disabilities can interfere with a person’s ability to concentrate or focus and can cause someone’s mind to wander too much. Other learning disabilities can make it difficult for a student to read, write, spell, or solve math problems.

 

The way our brains process information is extremely complex it’s no wonder things can get messed up sometimes. Take the simple act of looking at a picture, for example: Our brains not only have to form the lines into an image, they also have to recognize what the image stands for, relate that image to other facts stored in our memories, and then store this new information.

 

It’s the same thing with speech we have to recognize the words, interpret their meaning, and figure out the significance of the statement to us. Many of these activities take place in separate parts of the brain, and it is up to our minds to link them all together.

 

If, like others, you’ve been diagnosed with a learning disability, you’re not alone. Nearly 4 million school-age kids and teens have learning disabilities, and at least 20% of them have a type of disorder that makes it difficult to focus.

 

Learning disabilities usually first show up when a person has difficulty speaking, reading, writing, figuring out a math problem, communicating with a parent, or paying attention in class. Some kids’ learning disabilities are diagnosed in grade school when a parent or a teacher notices the kid can’t follow directions for a game or is struggling to do work the kid should be able to do easily.

But other kids develop sophisticated ways of covering up their learning issues, so the problem doesn’t get addressed until the teen years when schoolwork and life gets more complicated. Most learning disabilities fall into one of two categories: verbal and nonverbal.

 

People with verbal learning disabilities have difficulty with words, both spoken and written. The most common and best-known verbal learning disability is dyslexia, which causes people to have trouble recognizing or processing letters and the sounds associated with them. For this reason, someone with dyslexia will have trouble with reading and writing tasks or assignments.

 

Some people with verbal learning disabilities may be able to read or write just fine but struggle with other aspects of language. For example, they may be able to sound out a sentence or paragraph perfectly, making them good readers, but they can’t relate to the words in ways that will allow them to make sense of what they’re reading (such as forming a picture of a thing or situation).

 

And some people have trouble with the act of writing as their brains struggle to control the many things that go into it from moving their hand to form letter shapes to remembering the correct grammar rules involved in writing down a sentence.

 

People with nonverbal learning disabilities may have difficulty processing what they see. They may have trouble making sense of visual details like numbers on a blackboard. Someone with a nonverbal learning disability may confuse the plus sign with the sign for division, for example. Some abstract concepts like fractions may be difficult to master for people with nonverbal learning disabilities.

 

The behavioral condition attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is often associated with learning disabilities because people with ADHD also might have a hard time focusing enough to learn and study. Students with ADHD are often easily distracted and have trouble concentrating. They may also be excessively active or have trouble controlling their impulses.

 

ToscanyAcademy
Toscanyacademy.com is a member contributed edublog that provides educational information to Nigerian students and students abroad. It also focuses on bringing teaching tools and resources to Nigerian teachers. Almost all the articles posted here were contributed by people who have passion in sharing their knowledge. If you wish to contribute your own article(s), you can use this email to contact us admin[at]toscanyacademy.com

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