Vocational Education in Nigeria

vocational education in nigeria

Vocational Education

Vocational education in Nigeria and occupational coaching courses are among the bedrock of national development plans of numerous civilization due to the fact that it helps to develop human resources, makes them more productive and useful to the society as well as leads to a great and massive economic expansion and advancement.


Irrespective of this conspicuous contribution of vocational training to the development of any nation, Nigeria, unfortunately have not been able to tap from this aspect of human resource development and its consequent contribution to the nations development and civilization.


This neglect of Vocational education and less attention given to the sector by our government is undoubtedly one of the top reasons why there is massive unemployment and paucity in the Nigeria.


In this article my argument is that Vocational education is the absent linkage in the nation’s advancement strategy.


For an improvement in the vocational expertise and the total well-being of the teeming Nigerian citizens, the representatives of people to the nationwide opinionated transformation symposium most especially the Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC), must advocate for extra budgetary allowance for Vocational education training alongside the conventional education strategy in the ongoing nationwide fiscal restructuring agenda.


When this is done, it is definitely going to result to advanced efficiency, increase in employment, decrease of poverty and reduction of crime rate leading to a subsequent financial intensification and increase in the riches of Nigeria.


A mention has been made of the fact that vocational education is a good and veritable tool to train the populace for an improvement and a boost in their overall expertise in order to make them more employable either for the present or for future employments.


Vocational education has a long history even dating as far back as pre- industrial Revolution year (1750&1830).Prior to this time; the common method of vocational education is through apprenticeship. Specializations of industrial tasks and turn down of handicraft nonetheless made societies to expand vocational education institutions.


According to the 2001 Columbia’s Encyclopedia, handicraft training was first and foremost started in Scandinavia. (c.1866) Nevertheless, formal vocational education became established in the US elementary schools after 1880 and expanded into lessons in industrial teaching, accounting, stenography, and related profit-making occupation mutually in community and personal institutions.


Thus secondary (high) schools in many countries have vocational centers that offer vocational training for lifelong trade together with general academic studies. However, because of changes in world economy many vocational schools have shifted emphasis to training in the computers and information technology.


As earlier discussed, while vocational education has continued to thrive in many societies, Nigeria is not yet taking it seriously. Vocational training could provide learners the expertise to become prolific industrialists and bring about artistic and inventive thoughts that would broaden the country’s economic growth, and amplify individual financial freedom.


Therefore the less attention given to vocational education in Nigeria is hazardous socially to the country because it is depriving Nigerian graduates to opportunity to make their contribution the nation’s economic development.


Nigerian people undoubtedly need the services of experienced car technicians and motor vehicle drivers, carpenters, plumbers, electricians etc for proper and adequate functioning.


The present obsession about university education in Nigeria hampers economic development prospect of teeming mass who are better endowed with vocation skills than intellectualism.


If everybody became a university graduate and there are no such industries or vocational centers established to employ them after graduation we would be doing ourselves more harm than good.


Those who graduate from Vocational institutions are exceedingly trained entrepreneurs. Conventional Higher institutions are not well equipped to give the students the expertise necessary in the employment industry.


Therefore incorporating a kind of school to work- based education program in our institutions of higher learning as a core part of our national advancement policy would go a long way towards making more and more people employable and employed, reducing the poverty level in our country Nigeria as well as improving the nation’s economic development at large.


The progress of Nigeria lies in the productivity of its citizens and quality education and genuine vocational programs hold the key!



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